Yellowing symptoms on sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) are caused by several viruses, especially those belonging to the genus Polerovirus of the family Luteoviridae, including Beet mild yellowing virus (BMYV) and Beet western yellows virus (BWYV), and recently, a new species, Beet chlorosis virus (BChV), was reported (2). To identify Polerovirus species occurring in beet crops in Poland and determine their molecular variability, field surveys were performed in the summer and autumn of 2005. Leaves from symptomatic beet plants were collected at 26 localities in the main commercial sugar-beet-growing areas in Poland that included the Bydgoszcz, Kutno, Lublin, Poznań, Olsztyn, and Warszawa regions. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) tests (Loewe Biochemica GmbH, Sauerlach, Germany) detected poleroviruses in 23 of 160 samples (approximately 20 samples from each field). Multiplex reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) (1) (GE Healthcare S.A.
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